What is psoriasis and what causes it

Psoriasis is a systemic disease. Treatment of this disease should be carried out by complex methods. This should be done for the reason that in such patients there is a violation in the work of several internal organs at once. The causes of psoriasis can also be different.

psoriasis on the elbow


Doctors have not been definitively established what causes psoriasis. But at the same time, the main factors by which plaques appear on the skin include:

  • predisposition at the gene level. If parents had psoriasis, then only in 25% of cases it can be transmitted to their children. When both parents suffered from such an ailment, the risk of transmission increases. Medicine does not yet know the exact moments at the gene level that contribute to the transmission of the disease.
  • Psychosomatics. Psychological reasons also affect the appearance of the disease. Psoriasis appears in those who are constantly in a nervous state or who are constantly under stress.
  • Immunity. An ailment can also appear with a decrease in blood quality indicators or a decrease in immunity.
  • Thyroid gland. With a change in the hormonal background, it will be possible to observe the manifestation of plaques on the body.
  • GIT. Failures in the digestive system lead to the manifestation of psoriasis.
  • Insufficient amount of vitamins B and A in the human body.
  • Psoriasis can occur after SARS. At the same time, doctors argue that a cold simply serves as an activation of the onset of the disease, but is not its cause.

To provide the patient with remission for a long time, he must constantly take vitamins and use ointments.


The plaques have different geometric shapes and colors. However, they are slightly convex. The rash is covered with remnants of dead skin. They can be removed. After that, a spot will remain on that part of the body, which will differ in color from the rest of the skin.

The spot size can be from 1 to 10 centimeters. There are plaques and smaller sizes. Such manifestations can merge into a common mass and affect the entire body. These parts of the body may be itchy. Skin cells there will recover much more slowly than on a healthy epidermis.

Causes of psoriasis can be psychological factors. Psychology is also important here. After suffering stress, a rash can appear on a person’s head. It can also occur on the face or ankles. The disease spreads on the head mainly in the scalp. In the early stages of the appearance of such an ailment, it is easy to confuse it with seborrhea. Therefore, the patient for a long time may not pay attention to the symptoms, attributing this to the usual irritation of the epidermis.

psoriasis medications

Scientists say that no matter for what reason this ailment appeared, its symptoms may not appear immediately. Spots on the body should become a danger signal. Usually they have different geometry and small diameter. On such manifestations there may be particles of dead epidermis.


The causes of psoriasis are different, but treatment should be comprehensive. Initially, it is important to pay attention to the symptoms of psoriasis, and then to the causes. Causes and treatment are related.

To immediately stop the disease and prevent the possibility of its spread, it is necessary:

  • Set up a diet.
  • Eat foods with vitamins B12, B16, B and A.
  • Do not eat spicy, fried and salty.
  • Do not drink alcohol.
  • Do not be nervous and avoid stress.

At the initial stage of the manifestation of such an ailment, it can be treated with ointments with salicylic acid. It will relieve inflammation, reduce itching and eliminate bacteria from the surface of the plaques. In case of complications and in severe cases, treatment is carried out using an ointment based on hormones. With it, the patient will relieve inflammation and reduce the possibility of the spread of plaques. The severity of symptoms will also decrease.

Psoriasis also happens in children. The causes of psoriasis here can be different. Psoriasis in children is also treated comprehensively. They are prescribed calcium, vitamins, antihistamines and sedatives. You can also take herbal baths to relieve stress and tension.

female psoriasis

An indirect effect on the manifestation of plaques can have a surge of hormones. The initial stage of the disease can also be diagnosed in a child during his puberty. In women, the onset of the manifestation of the disease may coincide with the onset of menstruation. Symptoms can also appear in adulthood during menopause, when a hormonal surge is observed in the body.

pregnant woman with psoriasis at the doctor

When carrying a fetus, women experience remission. This is due to the fact that the adrenal glands work hard, releasing a large amount of cortisone.

It is also worth noting that the causes, symptoms, and treatment of psoriasis can be almost the same in both women and men, regardless of age.


Half of the people who suffer from psoriasis may also experience joint problems. This disease can affect people from 30 to 40 years old. Symptoms usually appear in the legs. For diagnosis, you will need to undergo an x-ray, pass urine and blood tests.

Doctors have not yet determined the possibility of an individual approach for each patient with the ability to cure this disease. Therefore, to eliminate the symptoms, drugs and non-steroidal ointments can usually be prescribed.

Folk remedies

In a child or in an adult, psoriasis can also be treated with folk remedies. He is amenable to such treatment. At the same time, the causes of psoriasis can also be different.

If the disease manifests itself due to a gastrointestinal disorder, then it can be successfully treated by taking herbal decoctions. Tinctures should be on alcohol. Here you can use the following plants:

  1. Aloe.
  2. Burdock.
  3. Barley.
  4. Dandelion and more.

Such plants can have an antiseptic and anti-inflammatory effect on the patient's body.


It is important to follow a diet with such an ailment. During periods of exacerbation, it is worth abandoning the use of citrus fruits, milk, eggs. It is also worth taking salty foods carefully and in small quantities, but it is better to refuse salt altogether. You should also not drink rich broths from meat or fish. At the same time, doctors note that alcohol in small quantities can be consumed periodically. When the disease begins to progress, it is useful for the body to do fasting days.

doctor examines psoriasis on the head


Psoriasis can occur with exacerbations. In this case, most of the surface of the patient's skin may become stained. The condition of the joints will worsen. This is dangerous because with heart failure, pathology can lead to serious consequences.

In this case, the patient will need to comply with bed rest without fail, inject intravenous fluid that will help relieve inflammation, take complex drugs that the doctor will prescribe, and apply bandages to the skin to cool.


Given all the reasons why plaques can appear on the body, it is possible to determine prevention methods that help prolong remission. This is:

  • Quit smoking and alcohol.
  • Take sedatives and avoid stress.
  • Do not eat junk food (fried, salty, etc. ).
  • Monitor the work and condition of the thyroid gland. For this, you need to visit your doctor regularly.
  • Refuse cosmetics altogether or use them only in small quantities.
  • Set up a daily routine.
  • Take vitamins, especially after SARS.

A good way to prevent psoriasis is ultraviolet radiation. Rays can be both artificial and natural. Therefore, patients are advised to be more often in the sun or in the fresh air. When exposed to ultraviolet radiation, damaged areas of the skin will produce an enzyme that can accelerate the process of cell regeneration. With the help of such baths, it is possible to successfully treat both skin psoriasis and nail psoriasis.

It is also worth noting that scientists have found that there is no way to fully recover from this disease yet. Remission can be observed for from six months to several years.

Knowing these points, you will be able to determine the symptoms of psoriasis in time, as well as consult a doctor. If such an ailment is treated at an early stage, then the process of therapy can be greatly facilitated and accelerated.