A complex systemic disease accompanied by problems on the skin is called psoriasis, the initial stage of the disease does not differ in specific symptoms. Therapeutic therapy gives the best result if it is carried out in a timely manner. Doctors note that in a healthy person, cell death occurs after a month. A psoriasis patient has a shortened period of skin renewal, which is several days.
What does the initial stage of psoriasis look like, photo
Despite the fact that the disease is not contagious, patients notice impressive damage to the skin, nails and hair. On the epidermis, red rashes are clearly visible, initially they are small in size. After a while, papules form at the site of inflammation, altered areas of a bright shade, which will protrude above the skin. On their upper part there are silvery scales or plaques.
Initially, the papules almost do not bother the patient, in rare cases they are distinguished by itching and slight peeling. At the initial stage, the affected area does not exceed a few millimeters, in the future the area can grow up to 10 cm.
Psoriasis can affect different parts of the human body, so it is worth paying attention to the symptoms at different locations:
- Face. . . The early development of the disease suggests the presence of psoriatic plaques on the skin around the eyes, eyelids, and eyebrows. The area of the nasolabial folds can also be severely affected.In rare cases, the spread of the disease can spread to the mucous membranes of the mouth, cheeks, tongue or lips. Some patients complain that the papules have also affected the lip contour.
- Hairline. . . On the entire surface of the head, large scaly spots are noted, characterized by a large number of scales. They resemble dandruff in appearance. In this case, the hair does not suffer from the disease, the pathology affects only the skin. Patients experience itching, constantly scratching their heads. Often, red spots are noted on the neck and ears.
- Hands. . . The palms and interdigital space can be covered with single papules, which have a pronounced red color. On the back side, the manifestation of the disease occurs very rarely. If there is pathology at the fingertips, problems with sensitivity are noted. Often, psoriasis affects the nail plate.
- Elbows. . . At the onset of the disease, the patient notices single plaques with silvery scales. Gradually, degeneration occurs and a continuous area of the affected skin appears.Scales and a thin film easily come off it, after which you can notice a change in color to pink. In some cases, the affected area may bleed.
- Legs. . . Most often, the feet and the back of the patient suffer from psoriasis, the symptoms are absolutely similar to that which manifests itself on the elbows. The symptom of blood dew in the presence of a solid lesion is also present.
Causes of the disease
Psoriasis is considered an abnormal reaction of the body to external stimuli. It provokes the development of a pathological process, which entails too rapid renewal of the skin.
Recently, it is generally accepted that the disease is hereditary. But, it is based on not one type of disease, but several. The reason for the development of psoriasis can be a failure of metabolic processes, problems in the endocrine system, neurological disorders, weakened immunity. But, it is absolutely certain that the pathology does not have an infectious nature.
There are no exact reasons for the onset of the disease, but doctors have theories.
According to them, psoriasis is divided into 2 types:
- The disease is inherited due to a malfunction in the immune system. A similar form is found in most patients. Diagnosis usually occurs at an early age, before the age of 25.
- The disease is not associated with immune problems and cannot be inherited. In this case, it occurs after 40 years, the affected area is the nails and joints.
According to doctors, patients with this disease should exclude the use of alcohol, sweets, salty foods and spicy foods. With the normalization of nutrition, an improvement in the condition of the skin is noted. Extreme heat or cold can also provoke a relapse.
Psoriasis is a systemic type of pathology that can spread not only to the skin or the nail plate. The spine, joints, tendons, endocrine and nervous systems often suffer from the disease. Also, damage to the thyroid gland, kidneys and liver is noted.
Primary symptoms of the disease:
- depression, apathy, depressed state;
- constant fatigue, decreased performance;
- the general condition is weakened.
Due to the fact that there is a complex effect on the body, pathology began to be attributed to psoriatic disease. The main manifestation is associated with damage to the skin, papules of a bright color grow on the epidermis. The affected area is scaly, itchy and brings obvious discomfort to the patient.
If the top layer of a papule, an inflamed area is touched or removed deliberately, then blood drops may appear.
Initial stage psoriasis in children, photo
The disease can manifest itself even in an infant, initially the rash is noted in the skin folds. A similar phenomenon is typical for children under 2 years old. Also, pathology often develops in places where contact with diapers is noted.Sometimes the disease is confused with diaper dermatitis, but unlike it, in psoriasis, the pathological areas have pronounced boundaries and a brighter color.
Children over 2 years old already have the same type of papules as adults. Problematic areas are characterized by desquamation, pathology often affects the limbs. The scalp is affected at an older age, similar problems can be found in a child after 10 years. Starting from this period, the symptoms are completely similar to the manifestations of psoriasis in adults.
Most of the cases of psoriasis in a baby occurs after he has transferred a staphylococcal infection.
How to treat
When initial stage psoriasis is detected, the main treatment is not always required. Often, specialists limit themselves to preventive measures.
In order to remove the manifestations of skin disease, the following techniques are used:
- Cryotherapy is a method of cold exposure to a pathological area;
- Plasmapheresis - purification of the blood composition;
- Ultraviolet therapy - the patient is given short-term sessions that are similar to visiting a solarium. In order to achieve greater efficiency, the appointment of special means (PUVA therapy) is prescribed.
It is noted that self-treatment with ultraviolet light is prohibited. Due to the fact that the calculation of the dosage may be incorrect. After all, a small dose is a medicine, and exceeding it can aggravate the process. The same recommendations apply to sunbathing.
Today it is impossible to completely get rid of the disease. According to doctors, the body retains the memory of the transferred disease, which can manifest itself in the presence of provoking factors. Due to the fact that relapse often occurs unexpectedly, patients need to register with a dermatologist.
If the patient does not have a running process, then it is possible to stop the symptoms without the help of official medicine. There are recipes that can get rid of psoriasis, if there is an initial degree.
How to overcome the disease with folk recipes:
- To obtain the balm, you need 20 chicken eggs from domestic hens. The product is boiled within 15 minutes after boiling. Only the yolk is required from the egg, it is kneaded into a homogeneous gruel. The finished mass is thoroughly fried in a pan without adding oil.The fire should be low, as the yolk will have to simmer for about 45 minutes. The mixture is removed from the heat and squeezed through cheesecloth, squeezed oil lubricate problem areas twice a day.
- Papules are treated with freshly prepared juice from celandine. Such manipulation is carried out all summer, it is possible to repeat several seasons.
- To get a complex ointment, you need to take 10 grams of solid oil, 30 grams of fresh honey, 50 grams of birch tar, 10 grams of boric acid and fish oil, as well as protein from a chicken egg. The mixture is stored in a dark place and papules are smeared daily.