Scale lichen is one of the most common dermatological diseases. It is known that about 5% of people on the planet are familiar with the symptoms of skin psoriasis of the first stage (scaly). The cause of this disease lies in the inadequate reaction of the body when exposed to external stimuli. And, if in a healthy body the duration of the period during which skin cells are renewed is about 3-4 weeks, then in patients with this pathology it is reduced to 4-5 days.
Causes and signs of the initial stage of psoriasis
To date, the reasons for which psoriasis appears at an early stage have not yet been fully elucidated. However, it is believed that the trigger leading to the disease is severe stress. In addition, among the possible reasons, experts distinguish the following:
- transferred infections;
- response to cold climates;
- some eating habits (abuse of spicy dishes, marinades);
- unhealthy lifestyle (especially alcoholism);
- hereditary factor.
Symptoms of psoriasis of the first stage
It is important to recognize psoriasis at an early stage. After all, the timely start of treatment makes it possible to avoid the deterioration of the condition and the spread of the disease to other organs.
The first signs of the disease can be seen on the elbows. Psoriasis of the initial stage is more like a small rash, a little later small nodules form. After a while, they grow, connecting with each other. Then plaques of various sizes appear on the affected areas of the skin. They turn white and peel off.
Does psoriasis itch at the initial stage? Dermatologists often give a positive answer to this question. Especially annoying itching where the accumulation of plaques is greatest:
- on the elbows;
- on the knees;
- in places where the integrity of the skin is broken (there are cuts or cracks).
The first signs of the disease often appear in places that are constantly touched by clothing. This is especially evident in children. That is why psoriasis in the first stage is often confused with manifestations of diathesis or allergies to the products used in washing. This is the most dangerous mistake. After all, treatment started when the first rash appears is much more effective than therapy prescribed later.
Experts distinguish three main signs that accurately indicate an autoimmune problem and do not allow it to be confused with another skin disease:
- A stain that looks like crushed stearin. It occurs due to exfoliation of scales.
- The appearance of the so-called terminal film under the scales.
- The appearance of bruises on the skin (droplets of blood dew).
In the initial stage of psoriasis, the symptoms (rashes) disappear after about 2 months. If not treated, then after a while they will reappear, but in a much larger volume.
Treatment of the initial stage of psoriasis
Doctors approach the treatment of the initial form of the disease carefully. And, if two decades ago, at the first signs, rather serious medications were often prescribed, including hormonal drugs and cytostatics, then modern tactics are aimed at eliminating the cause of the exacerbation - patients are advised to avoid stress, review nutrition, lead a measured lifestyle. To eliminate unpleasant symptoms, specialists prescribe non-hormonal topical agents, including ointments, gels, shampoos prepared on the basis of:
- birch, pine or juniper tar;
- anti-inflammatory drugs (salicylic and zinc ointment).
With psoriasis of the initial stage, treatment also involves the use of fatty creams enriched with vitamins A and E. Ointments containing hormonal agents are used in cases where the use of non-hormonal topical agents does not bring relief.
In addition, a good effect in psoriasis at the initial stage is observed after applying a course of physiotherapy procedures:
- electrosleep, which has a sedative effect;
- ultraviolet irradiation with waves of various lengths (311-312 nm, as well as 310-340 nm);
- ultrasonic exposure to vibrations with a large frequency range (800-3000 kHz);
- laser therapy;
Drugs and procedures used to treat the initial stage of psoriasis, the doctor prescribes individually, focusing on the severity of symptoms, the age of the patient and the body's response to therapy.
Treatment at home
To alleviate the condition in the initial stage of psoriasis, home treatment should be combined with a prescribed doctor. For most patients, dermatologists recommend starting with a change in diet, completely abandoning fatty meats, smoked meats, hot spices, coffee, chocolate and alcohol. You should diversify the diet with fresh fruits and vegetables (especially leafy), sour-milk and fish products.
In order not to further irritate the skin, it is recommended to use baby or tar soap for washing. Baths with collections of medicinal herbs (tricolor violets, succession, celandine, hops and others) and sea salt help well.
Experts also recommend not to refuse trips to resorts where mud treatment is practiced, to the sea coast. At the same time, you should not choose the hottest months of the year for relaxation. At moderate temperatures, spa treatment, mud applications and bathing in sea water provide a lasting effect.
When wondering whether it is possible to cure psoriasis at the initial stage, there is no doubt. By consulting a doctor in a timely manner, there is a high probability of forgetting about the problem for a long time.