Psoriasis causes a lot of problems in the form of discomfort and aesthetic problems, and its localization on the head adds to the complexity of treatment. The danger of the disease also lies in the addition of fungal infections. How to treat psoriasis, and what are its symptoms?
Causes of head psoriasis
To date, there is no clear answer to what causes the appearance of psoriasis on the head. Experts put forward several theories of the onset of the disease:
- Violations in metabolic processes, against the background of which the cell life cycle is reduced from 40 days to 5. Therefore, there is a layering of dead tissues on the plaques.
- genetic predisposition. If one of the parents in the family suffers from an illness, then the probability of developing psoriasis in a child is 25%, if both parents - 75%.
- Dysfunction in the thyroid gland. Hormonal disruptions are often the cause of a dermatological disease.
- Autoimmune processes, during which the immune system recognizes epidermal cells as foreign objects.
Head psoriasis can also worsen under the influence of the following factors:
- stressful conditions;
- irrational nutrition;
- living in a zone of poor ecology;
- drinking alcohol.
All experts are absolutely sure of one thing - the disease occurs under the influence of several reasons, and their elimination becomes the first step towards remission.
Psoriasis of the scalp
One of the complex forms of the disease is psoriasis of the scalp. This is due to the fact that because of the hairline, the treatment process is difficult, and the symptoms of the disease in the first stages resemble simple dandruff.
Psoriasis of the scalp is characterized by symptoms similar to those of an ailment localized on other parts of the body. The following manifestations of the disease can be distinguished:
- Single rashes or extensive accumulations of plaques appear on the surface of the skin.
- There is sebum on the surface of the lesions, which causes the rashes to acquire a yellow tint. Dead cells, mixed with fat, begin to form tubercles.
- Scales, similar to dandruff, accumulate on the hair.
- The course of the disease is accompanied by severe itching.
- In children, redness of the epidermis of the head is observed, which subsequently begins to get wet.
Since the lesions are located on the surface of the skin, the disease does not reach the hair follicles, so there is no disturbance in hair growth, and their loss remains at a normal level. The photo shows what psoriasis looks like, localized on the scalp.
Psoriasis of the scalp can have unpleasant consequences:
- The disease brings not so much discomfort as psychological inconvenience. Often the patient may even fall into a deep depression.
- Due to constant itching and scratching, the disease constantly gives the patient a feeling of pain.
- With the erythrodermic form of psoriasis, hair follicles are affected, which can subsequently lead to baldness.
Therefore, the treatment of psoriasis on the head should take place on time.
Important! Psoriasis from the scalp can spread to the face, neck, and shoulders.
Features of treatment
Only a dermatologist, after a detailed examination and laboratory examination, will tell you how to cure psoriasis on the scalp. The disease itself cannot go away; in the fight against it, it is necessary to use complex therapy, which involves the use of both traditional and alternative medicine methods. In addition, scalp psoriasis should be treated with physiotherapy. Only in this case, therapy can be successful.
Shampoos against psoriasis
During the treatment of psoriasis, the scalp needs special care, which does not allow the use of conventional cosmetic shampoos. A hair wash should be selected taking into account the anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effect.
We can distinguish the main types of shampoos:
- Tar. They contain birch or juniper tar, which well relieves the symptoms of the disease in the form of burning, and also effectively fights excessive peeling.
- Antifungal. Aimed at the destruction of pathogenic fungal infection. In addition, the drug well soothes the irritated epidermis.
- Therapeutic. This category of shampoos contains components such as zinc or salicylic acid. The products have active moisturizing properties.
All these tools should be used according to the instructions.
Spray lotions are often used in the treatment of scalp psoriasis. This is the most convenient, because when sprayed, the medicine does not leave impurities on the hair, evenly irrigating the entire surface of the skin with a solution. The most popular lotions are:
- A steroid drug, which also includes salicylic acid. The tool disinfects the skin well, and also effectively and quickly relieves itching. The course of therapy is 3 weeks.
- Spray, which contains only natural extracts of herbs. Recommended for use to prolong remission. The drug moisturizes the dermis well and eliminates itchy sensations.
- Non-hormonal solution, the active substance of which is zinc oxide. The component well stops inflammatory processes and effectively fights fungal infections.
Sprays can also be used on other parts of the body, but after consultation with the treating specialist. It is not necessary to wash off the medicine after application.
Alternative medicine recipes are quite popular in the treatment of psoriasis. They are completely natural and do not harm the patient. In addition, these funds will not bring damage to the wallet. The following most effective recipes can be identified:
- Soda bath. Pour a full pack of baking soda into the bath. It is necessary to lie down in the water with your head thrown back so that the solution covers your head up to the forehead area. Ears are recommended to be covered with earplugs. The procedure takes 30 minutes.
- It is also recommended to periodically wash your hair with tar or sulfur soap. To do this, grate the product on a fine grater and dissolve in a small amount of water. Use like regular shampoo.
- salicylic oil. A very effective remedy for breakouts. You just need to moisten a cotton pad in the substance and lubricate the partings. It is necessary to process seven partings.
Many patients do not trust folk remedies, but some of them can be more effective than even the most expensive pharmacy drugs.
Advice! Care should be taken to avoid recipes using essential oils, burning and irritating substances.
Psoriasis of the scalp
Psoriasis of the scalp is localized in the following areas:
- behind the ears;
- on the back of the head;
- on mucous membranes;
- near the superciliary arches;
- on the cheeks.
Rashes in the facial area are especially noticeable, since they cannot be hidden by clothing. At the same time, the use of masking cosmetics is strictly prohibited.
The disease manifests itself as follows:
- First, light spots appear on the face.
- Then small dots appear in the middle, which quickly grow and turn into papules.
- These formations soon begin to be covered with a thick layer of dead cells.
The formation of rashes is accompanied by severe itching. In the photo you can see what psoriasis looks like on the head.
A skin ailment can cause unpleasant consequences:
- When combing the papules, scratches and wounds are formed, which can become a source of infection.
- Localization of rashes on the eyelids is the cause of the pathology of the eyeball.
- Psoriasis can cause inflammation in the joints and liver.
To prevent the development of concomitant ailments, it is necessary to carry out treatment on time.
Features of therapy
The skin of the face is quite sensitive, so the patient's task is not only to get rid of the disease, but also to maintain external attractiveness. How to cure psoriasis on the head, a dermatologist will advise.
Ointment for psoriasis on the head is the most common remedy in the fight against the disease. There are two types of funds for local use:
- Hormonal ointments. They contain glucocorticosteroids, which quickly relieve the symptoms of the disease, so they are often used during an exacerbation.
- Nonsteroidal ointments. These products contain herbal ingredients and one or two active substances like zinc oxide or ichthyol. They have a milder effect on the body, so you can use them for a long time.
When choosing an ointment, the severity of the course of the disease should be compared with the strength of the remedy.
The following most effective recipes can be distinguished:
- It is necessary to equally mix fatty grease and birch tar. Apply the mass on the lesions for 20 minutes. Then rinse and moisturize the skin with cream.
- You can also use sea buckthorn oil, applying it to the plaques before going to bed. The tool disinfects and heals wounds well.
It is recommended to take decoctions from medicinal collections inside.
General principles of therapy
Since the disease requires a complex effect, there is little local treatment. It is necessary to get rid of psoriasis comprehensively, using all available means.
In the treatment of psoriasis, the following groups of drugs are used:
- immunosuppressive agents;
Usually several groups of medicines are prescribed at once, depending on the severity of the disease, the clinical picture.
Important! You can not prescribe a medicine for yourself, you should first seek advice from a dermatologist.
Physiotherapy is an integral part of the fight against the disease. The following procedures can be distinguished:
- laser exposure;
- ultrasonic impact;
- mud treatment.
Usually, such methods are prescribed during the rest period of the disease, which helps to prolong remission.
It has been proven that some products can not only exacerbate the disease, but also worsen the symptoms. Therefore, it is advisable to follow a diet that limits the use of the following foods:
- canned food;
- fatty food;
- fast food;
- alcoholic products;
- red fruits and vegetables;
Preference should be given to protein foods and foods rich in fiber, steamed or baked in foil.
Despite the complexity of the course of the disease, head psoriasis is not a sentence. It is only necessary to strictly observe complex therapy, and the disease will not make itself felt for a long time.